عنوان مقاله [English]
Permission for espionage largely affect security of community and it is one of the challenging and expanded issues in the political system and it is discussed and explored in some scientific corridors. It aims to protect the regime in the face of enemies and safeguard its achievements. Espionage is viewed as basic organ in political regime in line with the process of desirable management of community and removal of security problems on behalf of the Islamic ruler and all rational and traditional evidence that can back up its permission are explored. Of course, the first rational principle is that private affairs of others shall not be permitted to be spied, but due to observation of political regime interests, espionage is given permission and being regarded as mandatory at times. In this paper, the author tries to analyze evidence in order to evaluate espionage and its norms and scope are clarified in the eyes of Shiite jurisprudence.
29. نجفى، محمدحسن (1404). جواهرالکلام. چاپ اول، بیروت: دارإحیاء التراث العربی.