عنوان مقاله [English]
There are two major viewpoints about gnosis and politics: One viewpoint absolutely distinguishes these two issues; another viewpoint rules over their relative overlapping. Accordingly, by viewing ideas of Najmuddin Razi, these questions can be posed: What relation does Najmuddin Razi make between gnosis and politics? Where is a good ruler placed in his political gnosis? For him, what characteristics should a good ruler have? Najmuddin Razi sees gnosis as a social phenomenon that attempts to change the masses neck-in-neck with the experts. In his idea, the masses use intellect to perceive existence and experts use love to perceive existence; therefore, only those who have achieved sublime power of intellect and love can lead the masses and the experts towards prosperity and happiness. From this perspective, the saint Imams govern people in absence of Prophets. In this way, Divine Kingdom Rule remains inseparable part of social gnosis. Divine King of Najmuddin must be attributed to negated and affirmed politicoethical traits, most fundamental of which are: trustworthiness, equity, benevolence, patience, compromise, advisability, anticorruption, expediency and moderateness (affirmed traits) and carnal desire aversion, self-pride, arrogance, corruption, atheism, prostitution, prohibitions, rebellion, greed, worldliness, mammonism ,avarice, anger and feebleness, going to extremes (negated traits).