نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
عنوان مقاله [English]
If we consider 10th century (Islamic Hijra) as the era of the intellectual and political revival to establish the conventional nation-state systems, 11th century is the time when that system finds clarity in all intellectual and socio-political areas. Thus, we see various mental and intellectual conflicts and differentiations, each of which claim an independent approach for managing live. However, the atmosphere of 12th century is centered on the search for moderate ways with an emphasis on pragmatism and moving away from previous conflicts.