نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار، گروه علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران.
2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد اندیشه سیاسی اسلام، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Individuals of every society act as propulsion engines of the society towards advancement and progression. Although society, also, can accelerate or slow down the progression of “individual”, effectiveness and orientation of social foundations do depend, ultimately, on movements of individuals and actualizes via will and practice of the society members. In fact, advancement of society as a process, is a resultant consequence of progress of individuals and also social foundations and collections. However, the role of “individuals”, specially the elite and privileged, is a basic role and the sort of imagining and drawing “human” can be a serious and deciding basis for indicating the path, the framework and the content of advancement. Due to the fact that the kind of definition of “human” in the two semantic disciplines of West and Islam is the main parameter of their difference in defining the general orientation and routing and also indicating the content of progression and advancement, the present paper aims at showing why Islamic thought and liberal-democratic theory are different in their approach towards the goal and content of progression, by highlighting and emphasizing the anthropological differences between the two. The findings show that serious difference and contrast in defining “human” is one of the most important and most influential factors in the drawing the sort of advancement in thought of Islam and the west.
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