نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
عنوان مقاله [English]
If the Islamic government is based on the theory of Velayat-e Faqih (governance of the clergy), from juridical and legal perspective, the multi-sided Faqih should be on the top of it, and from the other side, in the political government emerged out of the Shia fiqh in Iran, the president has been introduced the executive responsible for the affairs. What would be the correct and logical way in case of any clash between them from the view of political jurisprudence? One of the outcomes of this discussion is that if “Vali-e Faqih (the jurist governor)” is responsible for all the governmental affairs and has the right to enter social issues and problems, the president role would be only a ceremonial role or at the level of an executor server and voting of people would, also, be for the sake of interest of the Islamic society or due to the favor of the governor. So, in this hypothesis, “Vali-e Faqih” would be the responder to the problems and events in the society. But if the president is responsible for the whole executive affairs and has the role of supervision and control, this is the president who is respondent for the events and executive individuals’ actions because of the broad executive power.