عنوان مقاله [English]
Despite Iranians' long history of striving for political development the slowness of the process of institutionalizing political parties is still a major problem in Iran's political development. On the other hand, nearly 70 years have passed since the formation, Malaysia, has succeeded in achieving a level of political and institutional development.
Relying on the theories of institutionalists who emphasize the importance of building institutions, including political parties, in order to achieve political development and create stability in society, an attempt is made to use the method of comparative-historical method. Thus the process of partisanship in Iran and Malaysia based on the factors: politics and government, religion and political culture, foreign powers and economic modernization, would be examined.
In Iran, due to the patrimonial structure, the strength of the clergy and nomadic culture, and the authoritarianism of the rulers, the presence of foreign powers failed to institutionalize political parties. But in Malaysia the moderation of the power of kings , the feudal structure and the greater tolerance of religious institutions and the lack of vertical relations between rulers and subjects, the influence of British colonialism on the political structure of the peninsula led to more institutionalized political parties.